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Useful guidance

Prevent duty


The Prevent duty: Departmental advice for schools and childcare providers.

Prevent duty guidance: Guidance for specified authorities in England and Wales on the duty in the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 to have due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism.



Channel - protecting vulnerable people from being drawn into terrorism: guidance on Channel procedures relating to Middlesbrough.

Channel duty guidance: statutory guidance for Channel panel members and partners of local panels.

Support and general advice


CST is charity which protects British Jews from anti-Semitism and related threats

Tell MAMA supports victims of anti-Muslim hate and is a public service which also measures and monitors anti-Muslim incidents

ChildNet provides practical advice for parents about online safety

Think U Know provides practical advice for online safety

Support for people affected by terrorist attacks in the UK

Get help if you're worried about someone being radicalised - official Prevent advice from the Home Office

ACT Early - official counter-terrorism policing website

Make a complaint about Prevent for professionals and members of the public



The purpose of Protect is to keep the public safe by strengthening our protection against a terrorist attack in the UK or against our interests overseas, and so reduce our vulnerability. The National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) has primary responsibility for Protect, but all communities, businesses, and public sector organisations should consider the principles of Protect as part of their work to keep people safe.

The aim of the Protect section of the CONTEST strategy is to:

  • have an effective multi-layered defence to protect against an attack
  • reduce illicit access to the material needed for an attack, including increasing the timeliness of suspicious transaction reports
  • protect the public spaces, transport, and infrastructure in the UK which are most at risk of attack
  • make full use of our powers and capabilities at the border

For appropriate advice, guidance, and training resources relating to Protect, visit the Protect UK website.

Keeping safe out of school


Out of school provision is an important part of social development for many young people. They can spend time with their peers away from home and school, taking part in shared activities and pursuing common interests. Out of school provision helps young people to gain confidence in their social and communication skills.

Making sure young people are safe at extra-curricular groups and activities is just as important as making sure they're safe at home and school. Parents and carers of young people who are looking to join a club, or who may already be involved in a club, need appropriate advice to help them make an informed choice and support young people to safely make the most of their leisure time.

The Department for Education has released guidance to help parents and carers when choosing a new out of school setting to help make sure young people are engaging with clubs and activities safely.




Radicalisation is the process of a person legitimising support for, or use of, terrorist violence.


Susceptibility is complex and unique to a person's circumstances.

Within Prevent, susceptibility refers to the fact that a person may be likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by terrorist and extremist ideologies that support or radicalise people into terrorism. Please see the 'susceptibility to radicalisation' section of the Prevent duty guidance 2023.

As set out in the Prevent duty guidance, a person's susceptibility may be linked to their vulnerability, but not all people susceptible to radicalisation will be vulnerable. There may be other circumstances, needs or other underlying factors that may make a person susceptible to radicalisation but do not constitute a vulnerability.


The current UK definition is set out in the Terrorism Act 2000 (TACT 2000). In summary this defines terrorism as 'The use or threat of serious violence against a person or serious damage to property where that action is:

  • designed to influence the government or an international governmental organisation or to intimidate the public or a section of the public; and
  • for the purpose of advancing a political, religious, racial or ideological cause.'


Vulnerability describes the condition of being in need of special care, support, or protection because of age, disability, risk of abuse or neglect.

Make a referral

If you're a professional who's worried about a young person or vulnerable adult at risk of being radicalised, use the professionals Prevent referral form.

If you're worried that a friend or family member is at risk of being radicalised, you can make a Prevent referral on the Cleveland Police website.

You can also call Middlesbrough Council's safeguarding team (for both young people and adults) on 01642 726004, or Cleveland Police on 101.

In an emergency, always call 999.